What is the cause of Phlebotomus Fever ? What are the symptoms of Phlebotomus Fever ?
The cause of Phlebotomus Fever is an RNA virus from the Arbovirus family. Phlebotomus Fever occurs in endemic regions between 20 and 45 degrees north latitude and in countries with vector phlebotomus. The disease generally starts with sudden, fever or chills, and in some cases there may be pre-malaise, dizziness, abnormal leg and abdominal sensations. Initial or later headache, burning in the eyes, pain in the back of the eyes, stiffness in the neck and back, pain in the play and sides, changes in the sense of taste, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, constipation or exile, pain in the throat, nosebleeds, head may turn.
Small vesicles may appear on the palate and macular or urticarial rashes may develop. The fever can rise to 39 - 40 degrees. Generally, the fever lasts for 2 to 4 days (3 days of fever) and falls with profuse sweating, but the fever can last for 1 to 9 days. Sometimes a short rise can also be seen after the fever has subsided.
The pulse slows down. The face and neck are reddened in Phlebotomus Fever. The blood in the conjunctiva of the eye attracts attention in the form of a triangle that reaches the cornea, photophobia and eyebrow may occur. There may be blood in the soft palate in the mouth and the back wall of the sink.
A second attack develops in 15% of patients within 2 to 12 weeks. Rarely, splenimegaly develops, lymphadenopathy is not observed. On the first day of the fever, the number of leukocytes in the blood is normal, lymphocytes may decrease and the proliferation of young people can be observed with the deviation of neutrophils to the left. On the second or third days, leukopenia polynucleosis settles in the blood.
Leukopenia is evident at the end of the disease or during recovery. As with other arbovirus infections, sandfly fever may be associated with aseptic meningitis. The disease is good on its own, death is unknown. During recovery, fever and symptoms may relapse, temporary depressions may occur.