Who is Enrico Fermi ? What is Enrico Fermi famous for ?
Enrico Fermi is an Italian scientist and winner of the 1938 Nobel Prize for Physics. Enrico Fermi was born on September 29, 1901 in Rome, died on November 29, 1954 in Chicago.
His father is police chief Alberto Fermi. He first enrolled in grammar school. A. Amidei, one of his father’s friends, discovered and supported his first ability in mathematics and physics.
He won the scholarship of Pisa University in 1918. After 4 years at Pisa University, he received his doctorate from professor Puccianti in 1922.
A year later, he won a scholarship from the Italian government in 1923. And he worked for several months with professor Max Born in Göttingen. With the Rockefeller scholarship, he went to Leyden in 1924 to work with Paul Ehrenfest. In the same year, he went to Italy to teach mathematical physics at the University of Florence.
In 1926 Fermi discovered the statistics of Pauli particles, now known as Fermi statistics. Unlike the bosses that act according to the Bose-Einstein statistics, these particles are known as fermions. In 1927 Fermi became a professor of theoretical physics at the University of Rome. He continued this task until he escaped from Mussolini’s fascist dictatorship in 1938 and emigrated to America (immediately after receiving the Nobel prize).
In his early years in Rome he devoted himself to the solution of electromagnetic problems and the theoretical explanation of some spectroscopic events. But he made his real progress when he did his work on the electron and atomic nucleus. In 1934 he developed the Beta boson Theory and combined it with Pauli’s radiation theory. After Curie and Joliot’s discovery of artificial radiation, he discovered that almost every element undergoing neutron bombardment was subject to nuclear transformation. This research led to the discovery of slow neutrons and nuclear fusion, as well as the discovery of elements different to those known in the periodic table up to that time.
In 1938, Fermi was arguably the best in neutrons. He continued his studies in America. Immediately after his arrival in America, he was appointed to Columbia University as a professor of physics. After Hahn and Strassmann’s discovery of fusion in early 1939, he calculated the probability of the spreading and chain reaction of secondary neutrons. He continued his studies with great desire and carried out the first chain reaction under control after many experiments. After that he played an important role in overcoming the problems in atomic bomb making, he was one of the leaders of the Manhattan Project.
In 1944 Fermi became an American citizen. II. He accepted his offer of professorship from the University of Chicago for nuclear studies, which would last until his death in 1954 after World War II. Here he focused his attention on high energy physics and pioneered the pion-nucleon interaction studies. In the last years of his life, Fermi spent researching the source of the cosmic rays. He eventually developed a theory that cosmic rays are huge sources of energy.
These order neutrons were set up in the garden of the University of Chicago to contain uranium combined with graphite blocks that slow down with thermal speeds. In order to absorb the neutrons and thus control the reaction rate, cadmium rods were placed in the atomic battery. Cadmium rods were slowly pulled and a self-sustaining chain reaction was observed. This success of the ferm was the manufacture of the first nuclear reactor in the world and the beginning of the atomic age. Fermi died of cancer at the age of 53. A year later, the hundredth element was discovered, and in his honor this element was called fermium.
Enrico Fermi was given the Nobel Prize for his work in the field of radiation and nuclear energy created by slow neutrons. She married Fermi Laura Capon in 1928. He has a son named Giulio, a daughter named Nella. In his spare time, he liked walking, climbing and winter sports. He died in Chicago on November 29, 1954.