What does Broca’s Aphasia mean ?
Broca’s aphasia is a type of aphasia where the person knows what they want to say but cannot produce the word or phrase. It is also known as non-fluent aphasia and expressive aphasia. It can range from mild to severe. People with Broca’s aphasia are typically aware of communication difficulties.
Broca’s aphasia is caused by damage to the left hemisphere of the brain in the Broca region, named after French scientist Paul Broca.
Broca’s aphasia is often defined by keeping words “on the tip of the tongue”. The reason for Broca’s aphasia is called non-fluent aphasia is because the conversation is laborious and when it starts, there are pauses. Another defining feature is that when sentences are produced, they often have incorrect syntax, word order, and grammar.
Understanding or reading and listening are less affected by speaking and written expression. Simple sentences are easy to understand. For example, they understand the sentence “Hasan likes ice cream” more easily than the sentence “Ice cream is a food Hasan loves”. People with Broca’s aphasia can understand most of what is being said to them, but have a hard time responding.
Someone with Broca’s aphasia may experience less obvious communication impairment.