What is the history of Halloween ?
Halloween has its origins in the Samhain Festival celebrated by pagan Celts in ancient Britain. The Celts considered November 1 the end of summer and the beginning of winter. The origin of the word samhain is based on the Old Irish words sam (summer) and fuin (son). At this time, the herds were returning from the highlands, and the land lease agreements between landlords and farmers were renewed.
The end of summer was also a divine period in the Celts where marriages took place and the dead were blessed. On this day it was believed that the souls of the dead visit the homes where they lived in the past. Great fires were lit above the hills to kindle the hearths in the houses and also to keep the evil spirits away. People wore masks and costumes to avoid being recognized for the spirits they believed wandered around. Because of these traditions, the Samhain festival gradually became identified with witches, goblins, fairies, and demons. When the Romans conquered the Celtic lands in the 1st century, their own death festival Feralia and harvest festival Pomona combined with Samhain.