Which factors increase the motivation of employees in the work environment ?
There are hundreds of factors that affect employee motivation, which can vary from person to person, from culture to culture and from society to society. For example, the ‘wage’ factor, which is the motivating factor in developed societies, is regarded as the most important factor in our country, although it is located in the last steps.
The main factors that provide working motivation are the factors such as wages, job characteristics, working conditions, career opportunities, hierarchical structure, job security, organizational culture.
Wage: Wage is defined as the price paid for "body or mind for labor.
A good salary is one of the most important conditions for those who will enter their working life for the first time or change their jobs. If the employee believes that he has received the wages he deserves, his motivation will be high, otherwise it will affect his motivation and job satisfaction negatively.
In terms of motivation, we can say that the reason why people do something is to meet a need. However, only the wage does not make the person satisfied with his job.
The most important goal of wage management is to raise the living conditions of the employees.
Feature of Work: Boring and not being monotonous are important factors that motivate the employee. Businesses are rotating so that their employees do not get bored and do not become monotonous, so that they do not get bored by working at different stages of production, which increases the level of motivation and satisfaction.
The individual’s work in repetitive jobs will lead to boredom at work. Anxiety can lead to psychological problems such as depression, loneliness, hopelessness and thoughtfulness in the individual.
Loving the work of the employee is related to the fact that he finds his job meaningful, so the individual will integrate with his work and enjoy his work.
In addition, the fact that the employee has the knowledge and equipment related to the job he / she does will create a sense of competence and competence and increase the satisfaction, otherwise the employee who does not have sufficient equipment related to the job he / she does not will not be efficient because it is foreign to the job, and this will cause low motivation.
Working Conditions: The good working conditions will increase the motivation level and the bad working conditions will decrease. Working conditions are an important factor affecting the motivation of the person. The physical conditions of the place where the person works, the cleanness of the working environment, adequate lighting, and the necessary equipment will increase the motivation of the individual in this case, which will ensure that the employee is physically and mentally healthy.
The high risk of work accidents at the workplace and the lack of necessary precautions will create stress and decrease motivation in the employee, therefore, it is important to eliminate risk factors and take precautions. There is also a strong link between working conditions and efficiency.
Career: Generally, a career is an individual’s advancement in any business field, gaining experience and skills throughout his working life. It is used in the sense of career, advancement, profession, business life, success, roles of the individual and experiences related to these roles in daily life.
Career, which is very important in employee satisfaction, can cause a person to change jobs. Businesses make career planning both to increase the motivation of their employees and to train the necessary personnel, so that the employees see the promotion opportunities and have information about what they have to do to be promoted.
Hierarchical Structure: The communication between the employee and the managers in the companies with a strict hierarchical structure is rather weak and this creates a distance between the employee and the manager. The main thing is that the distance is neither too close nor too far. If the distance is far, the employee may feel that the manager is not interested in him, and too close distance damages the manager employee relationship.
Relationships with Colleagues: People spend most of their time at work, so their colleagues are a very important factor. The relationship of the person with his colleagues may affect his motivation positively or negatively. When establishing a team, it brings together people who can communicate well with each other, because groups with the same mental, emotional and social characteristics are better compatible with each other, this will increase motivation in the group and its individuals. Otherwise, people who have conflicts with their co-workers will have less motivation.
Job Assurance: The idea of continuous dismissal and the policy of continuous employment of the enterprise in which the company is employed will cause negative problems in the motivation and satisfaction of the employee. The low employee turnover rate in the working organization will create a sense of trust in the employee and increase motivation.