The history of the Renaissance period begins in Medieval Europe. Church pressure is so intense in this period; only religious issues are included in social life and art. With the beginning of the Renaissance period, the influence of the church was reduced and a renewal period started.
Some factors played a major role in the formation of the Renaissance that started in Italy and affected the whole of Europe. With the development of the printing press, it became easier for science and new ideas to reach large masses, and with the development of the compass, a class that supported the art developed with geographical discoveries and discoveries started to form. The Crusades organized in the Middle East region also affected the formation of the Renaissance period. As a result of these expeditions, the scholastic thinking has taken a great blow, and new production and techniques have begun to be developed.