What is Magical Realism in Literature ?
Magical Realism is also a trend known by names such as Fascinating Realism or Fantastic Realism. Contrary to popular belief, it did not first emerge in the field of literature. It is a term used for the first time by Franz Roh based on painting. The works, which are based on the Magical Realism movement, are mostly irrational and mostly supernatural. Concepts such as magic, giant, legend are frequently included in such works. The names that carry the current to the world of literature are authors such as Massimo Bontempelli, Alejo Carpentier, Angela Carter, Isabel Allende, Miguel Angel Asturias, Ralph Ellison, Carlos Fuentes and Angel Flores. For this reason, it can be said that the starting point of this literary movement is Latin American countries. Mythological elements, legends, fairy tales and fairy tale heroes are abundantly used in such works. Examples of recent writers who adhere to this trend are Haruki Murakami, Jorge Luis Borges, Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Toni Morrison, Italo Calvino, Mikhail Bulgakov and Yann Martel.