What does Artificial Intelligence mean ? Why is Artificial Intelligence important ?
As a dictionary definition, artificial intelligence is defined as the ability of a computer or a computer-controlled robot to perform various activities similar to intelligent creatures. The field of artificial intelligence was not established as an official scientific field until 1956; Although its traces are seen in many myths (Ancient Greece, China and Egypt) in history, the first concept of artificial intelligence was used in a conference held at Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire.
They had a very optimistic attitude that intelligence development would progress very rapidly, but as a result of the writing of reports criticizing the developments in the field of artificial intelligence, the artificial intelligence winter occurred between 1974-1980. Although there were some initiatives in 1987-1993, the first important development of artificial intelligence was the IBM’s Deep Blue computer, when it defeated the world chess champion Garry Kasparov.
lived. As a result of the developments in artificial intelligence technology, artificial intelligence has settled into our lives step by step without us fully aware of it. Today, artificial intelligence technology is found in many areas, especially in the health, security and education sectors. For example, cancer in the health sector
When 100,000 images are presented to artificial intelligence and doctor observation in order to determine the cells, it is seen that the artificial intelligence surpasses the doctors with a 97% success rate in diagnosing cancer cells. In the security sector, artificial intelligence is included in the camera systems developed by Athena Security, and weapons etc.
It ensures that law enforcement agencies are informed when it sees a crime weapon. In addition to these, artificial intelligence technology is used in every process performed in smart phones (Siri, Bixby, Google assistant), social media platforms and navigation applications, which are frequently used in our daily lives. Considering all these, all these create a positive opinion about artificial intelligence in the society.